There are also well-known substances that produce chromosomal changes, similar to those caused by radiation. Thus, by this treatment, variants presented the ana-telophase (A-T) with bridged, delayed chromosomes and complex aberrations of type A-T + bridge + delayed and/or expelled chromosomes, A-T multipolar + bridges. Germination percentages were the same for CH and CL seeds of V. hirta, but they were higher for CH than CL seeds of V. mirabilis and V. riviniana (Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 1999). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. CL seeds of Danthonia californica from axillary cleistogenes and terminal inflorescences required 5–10 and 15 min acid scarification treatments, respectively, for highest germination percentages in the field (Laude, 1949). (2017) demonstrated that the hypertolerance feature of S. alfredii is due to its efficient performance concerning the root-to-shoot translocation of soil contaminants, and suggested that it may be mediated by high Cd signal in the vascular tissue of young stems. The extracts from Sorghum bicolor roots have inhibitory effects on cell division of the radicular meristems of the bean plantlet. Population trend: Stable. Allelopathic effects of common vetch (Vicia sativa) on letuce in laboratory tests. Template:Div col. In a study by Tanase et al. Paolo Annicchiarico, ... Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. J. Also, the mitotic index in the maize root apex cells is higher compared with the control. Several metals can cause toxicity in plants at the same time, and may act synergistically, antagonistically, and independently; depending on the interaction and chemistry of different metals (Son et al., 2014; Sun et al., 2005a,b). Common vetch (Vicia sativa) was introduced as a forage plant and is naturalized across much of Canada.Some horses and other livestock that ingested the plant were poisoned. Do we need specific breeding for legume-based mixtures? 2), which will be expressed by activating binding proteins and transcription of specific growth genes. Vicia cuneata Gren. 20 Vicia nemoralis Boreau 20 Vicia notota Gilib. Vicia erythosperma Rchb. In West Asia, fallow is clean-tilled during the noncropped year to control weeds, and thus conserve moisture to improve the fallow efficiency for the subsequent crop, while fallows in North Africa are left to grow weeds as a source of spring food for animals; this reduces the fallow efficiency. Accordingly, the transgenic tubers in these treatments were more susceptible to infection when inoculated with zoospores of Phytophthora infestans than the treated normal plants. Mean biomass per seed was 15% more for CL than for CH seeds, but similar numbers of seeds were produced from both kinds of flowers (Winn and Moriuchi, 2009). and vetch (Vicia sativa L.), warm-season annual legumes such as soybean (Glycine max L.), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In addition, isothiocyanates have been found to inhibit nitrification of NH4+ (Bending and Lincoln, 2000) with beneficial effect on N leaching. Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homology i. (2017) observed no variation in the accumulation of Cd between the roots of tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass, possibly showing the occurrence of the same mechanism of tolerance, that is, the action of PCs in roots of both the species. A scrambling plant, Common vetch has pink flowers. Vicia; Vicia See list of 10 species in this genus Steele and Wojciechowski ... V. sativa. Moreno Toselli, ... Giovambattista Sorrenti, in Fruit Crops, 2020. A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, ... (Vicia sativa) but each stem of the latter has more flowers, and bush vetch is usually hairless whereas V. sativa is slightly hairy. Vicia sepium or bush vetch is a plant species of the genus Vicia. ), fruit trees, and vegetables (Gibbon, 1981). Similarly, high temperatures during grain filling are a major concern, often with low yields and shriveled grains. It occurs in western Europe, Russia including Siberia, Crimea, Caucasus and Central Asia. 1.2. The onset of the scientific discipline called “lectinology” dates back to the observation by Stillmark in 1888 that the toxicity of castor bean extracts is linked to the presence of a proteinaceous hemagglutinating factor called “ricin.” Soon after, similar toxins were also reported in other plants. D. G. Rowlands showed in 1959 that this was due to a single recessive mutation. All lower taxonomy nodes (7) Common name i: Spring vetch: Synonym i: Tare: Other names i ›Vicia sativ ›Vicia sativa L. Rank i: … Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. However, a high amount of polyphenolic compounds found intracellularly can trigger major changes in the nucleotide sequences. Vicia sepium or bush vetch is a plant species of the genus Vicia. However, seeds germinated to 77, 66, 82 and 82%, respectively, in continuous light and to 28, 7, 55 and 66%, respectively, in continuous darkness (Walker and Evenson, 1985b). Cell proliferation and growth is, even today, one of the most important issues related to the growth and differentiation of both normal and pathological tissues. Hydrocyanic acid is a dangerous, rapidly acting poison for animals and humans interfering with oxygen use at the cellular level and inhibiting cytochrome oxidase activity [15]. In cacao infected with the witches' broom fungus Crinipellis perniciosa, infected young stems contain 7–8 times as much caffeine, which inhibits growth of the fungus in culture, than healthy stems. sativa). Synonyms for Common Vetch in Free Thesaurus. CAS no. This result indicates a direct or indirect interaction of polyphenols with DNA. Also, the field should be watched for several days to prevent pigeons from eating too much of the sown seed., Horses thrive very well on common vetch, even better than on clover and rye grass; the same applies to fattening cattle, which feed faster on vetch than on most grasses or other edible plants. To address this, both a controlled replicated experiment (Aberystwyth University) and participatory research (commercial development farm) were conducted to investigate the effects of common vetch (Vicia sativa) when grown over the winter period and offered to lactating ewes. Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. durum), and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) largely integrated with production of small ruminants that feed on the crop residues, stubble or harvested straw (Cooper et al., 1987). The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees.Template:Cite journal, The fruit is a legume pod up to 6 or 7 centimeters long, which is hairy when new, smooth later, then brown or black when ripe. EPPO Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes. In the feeding experiments by Ressler et al. In a burial study of CL and CH seeds of V. rafinesquii, 99% of CH seeds had entered dormancy by 1 January (early winter). In plants such as vetch (Vicia sativa), resistance to the higher parasitic plant Orobanche aegyptiaca appears to result from higher levels of free and bound phenolics, lignin and peroxidase activity produced in the roots of resistant varieties following infection, compared to susceptible ones. LC Least concern. A mix of grasses and legumes may be preferred to combine the tolerance to low winter temperature of graminaceous with the positive effect on N2 fixation of legumes. Vicine and convicine present in Vicia sativa seeds are β-glycosides of the pirimidines and isoramil, respectively. Vicia timbali Loret; Other Data Vicia sativa subsp. Hedges and grassy places, avoiding acid soils or shady positions. extract of the whole plant of the vicia sativa l., fabaceae: common : vetch extract . Chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid are examples of such phenolic compounds (Fig. 6-20). Beds and borders, Green manure, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises. The lignin compounds induce the stimulation of the cell division rate in embryonic peaks, compared with the control sample, to a certain concentration after which a drastic decrease of the values recorded for this parameter occurs. pilosa (M.Bieb.) [20], they concluded that spruce bark aqueous extract (130 mg GAE/L concentration) and hemp shives aqueous extract (164 mg GAE/L concentration) increase the frequency of cells in mitosis compared with a control. Dong et al. After hydrolysis by β-glucosidase, the products of this reaction form radicals, which can cause a depletion of reduced glutathione (GSH) in G6pdh-deficient red blood cells, resulting in a hemolytic crisis (Marquardt, 1989). segetalis – Common Vetch. Vicia sativa L. aggregate E. HOLLINGS 12 Stivichall Croft, Coventry and C. A.STACE Botanical Laboratories, University of Leicester ABSTRACT Wild and cultivated strains of Vicia sativa L. agg. More recently, the introduction of high performing techniques such as frontal affinity chromatography and glycan microarrays enabled high throughput screening of large collections of carbohydrates and more complex glycans with only small amounts of a purified lectin. CH and CL seeds of Microlaena polynoda removed from spikelets germinated equally well at constant temperatures of 25–30°C (Schoen, 1984). The fruit is resistant in both cases, not because of the toxicity of the acid to the causal fungus, but rather because it inhibits the production of fungal enzymes that cause degradation of host tissue. In date palm tree roots, cell wall-bound hydroxybenzoic acid and sinapic acid increased 11–12 times as much in cultivars resistant to Fusarium than they did in susceptible cultivars. Some species in Vicia sativa complex, also called aggregate (C VS), have economic and ecological advantages and they are frequently used for pasture, silage, and green manure.The main objective of this study was to explore the secondary gene pool for enhancement of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) germplasm by genome introgressions via conventional crosses made between cultivated … Classical methods to study the interaction between lectins and carbohydrates often relied on the agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell types. In the amphicarpic sensu stricto species Vicia sativa subsp. At low concentrations of polyphenols in the extracts, the situation is the opposite of the one previously described. This experiment was carried out at Baicheng Academy of Agricultural Science in Jilin province in 2009-2010. Vicia sativa grains may contain HCN , either free or in the form of cyanogenic glycosides. Canavanine, which acts as an analog of arginine, is present in many Vicia species. 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